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Projects Archive

All completed projects coordinated or managed by EOP-GSR are summarised in the following table. Selecting the name of the project it is possible to access to detailed information or to a specific project page.


For some of the completed projects, synthetic information can also be found in the tables below.


Project AcronymADAR
TitleAdvanced Data Archive
Key ObjectivesDefine the architecture and implement a prototype of a new ADAR Facility capable of advanced features for Heterogeneous Data Handling, Very Large Storage Management, Long-Term Archiving, Service Management, and Facility Operations and Management. Define how existing facilities can be interconnected / migrated to the new architecture.
ResultsThe project has permitted to extend the current storage core functions of the AMS adding both an ingestion and a dissemination chain, fully configurable and multi-missions, also compatible with existing ESA interfaces for what concerns product ordering. The ADAR architecture has taken benefits from the OAIS reference model defined by the CCSDS that was studied at the beginning of the project, taking into account ESA specific needs and the experience of existing facilities. In particular the GAEL product (DRB) was integrated within the ADAR architecture enabling both ingestion and dissemination chains to handle multi-mission and heterogeneous data sets in a configurable manner. The ingestion chain is capable to handle in parallel operations for different type of products requiring different processing plug-in (e.g. quality control, browse generation, reformatting, inventory data extraction…). The dissemination chain also enables post-processing of product prior to their delivery (reformatting, compression...). A prototype was delivered and was partially transferred to operations before the end of the contract, the remaining part being the basis for a main contract that will provide ESA with its multi-mission archiving infrastructure.
Comments / FutureThe ADAR components will become part of the ESA Multi-mission infrastructure installed at ESA Archiving and Processing centres. Also ENVISAT PDS will migrate to this new architecture and systems. At the end of the prototype implementation phase some of the outcome, for what concerns the dissemination part/component, was immediatly reused in an operational project (so-called e-Products). The ADAR components will be adapted/improved as needed to become fully operational (i.e. handle through EOP-GOF contracts). The FEOMI project/contract placed as ITT (starting in September 2004) will ensure the migration of existing ESA GS to the new ESA Multi-mission infrastructure.
Funding ProgrammeGSTP
Contractor(s)EADS Systems & Defence Electronics (France)
Completion Date31 May 2004


Project AcronymADAS(Final Presentation)
TitleAdvanced Earth Observation Data Acquisition System
Key ObjectivesExpand the capabilities of the OMNISAT demodulator of Alcatel Bell Space into adjacent domains. Host the basic and new functions into a COTS computer platform, in order to provide a cheaper, reusable equipment as a building block of future acquisition facilities, permitting a significant reduction in the overall purchase, operation and maintenance costs.
ResultsAnalysis of past (ONMISAT, launched in '96), ADAS (launched Q3 2005) and projected equipment sales show acceptable yearly increase. Main business activity is the sales of equipment; services are considered as business directly derived from the sales of equipment (maintenance, engineering support) or generated by the advantages derived from ADAS (ground station, satellite test benches, ...). Under services are considered engineering support or added value created by Alcatel, through the sales of the equipment. This activity volume is expected to grow through the access to the low-end market segment (integrated and affordable ground stations). It has to be noted that the late availability of ADAS on the market (late 2005) generated a significant loss of sales, where the competition could much differentiate.
Comments / FutureThe commercialisation of ADAS in Q3 2005 generated an immediate commercial success and demonstrated the ADAS competitivity. Today, customers are asking for features which are not covered by the ADAS baseline, well announced by the competition; immediate reaction is required.
Funding ProgrammeGSTP
Contractor(s)Alcatel Bell Space (Belgium)
Completion Date31 December 2006


Project AcronymADAS-E
TitleAdvanced Earth Observation Data Acquisition System Evolution
Key ObjectivesThe aim of the project is the definition, design, development, AIV and test of: 1) Advanced Digital channel filtering algorithms for bandwidth limitation, for efficient modulation and demodulation schemes and improved error rate reception; 2) Extension of the ADAS upper data rate limit by integrating in a single acquisition equipment a multi-carrier modulation and demodulation capability for up to 4 carriers (TBC depending on heat dissipation and power consumption) and a total throughput of 2 Gbps TBC; 3) Positioning ADAS on the low-end market segment with an affordable, all-in-one solution for a complete, multi-mission, data reception station.
Funding ProgrammeGSTP
Contractor(s)Alcatel Bell Space (Belgium)
Completion Date31 July 2009


Project AcronymArray (Final Report)
TitleAnalysis of the use of Antenna Arrays for Small EO Receiving Stations
Key ObjectivesExamine the possibility to use arrays of relatively small antennas to set up cheap receiving stations for data from radar or optical instruments on board of EO satellites (also two satellites at the same time). Study the capabilities of active trasnsponders based on antenna arrays for ERS.
ResultsA 43*43 cm2 active antenna array permits to receive at around 8GHz data from one or two satellites with a peak gain of 29 dBi, within a field of view of ±40 deg, with a low reproduction cost, if the necessary MMIC are produced in mass quantity.
Comments / FutureLocal or regional EO receiving stations could use such antenna types. SAR transponder useful for detection of fine terrain movements. It is advisable to test an antenna array prototype with two beams controllable along one axis and the SAR transponder in real cases.
Funding ProgrammeTRP
Contractor(s)Space Engineering S.p.A. (Italy)
Completion Date12 July 2001


Project AcronymCARD
TitleClassification Application-services and References Datasets
Key ObjectivesThe CARD Project consists on the analysis and the development of automatic remotely-sensed image processing algorithms that implement and, when possible, improve, the state-of-the-art techniques on: fire detection systems, single image elaboration systems, time series image processing systems, making use also of the SOIL MAPPER® software. These activities have been supported and complemented by the development of: 1) three Reference Data Sets (RDS), in the wide sense intended by the Knowledge Earth Observation (KEO) system, in support to land cover and land use classification activities; 2) engineerized software modules and Web Services on SSE for fire detection, vegetation change assessment and candidate burned areas identification based on Landsat/MODIS data and on the improved version of the SOIL MAPPER® system. Finally the project aims at making available to a wide range of users the SOIL MAPPER® system though SSE Services: ESA Category 1 users can apply SOIL MAPPER® to Landsat, MODIS and SPOT images belonging to the ESA databases, while non-Category 1 users can apply SOIL MAPPER® to their own images for the following sensors: Landsat, SPOT, MODIS, AVHRR, (A)ATSR. A Specific hardware system has been procured and configured to process the entire ATSR-2 - AATSR (12 years of data) and make available in real time all the classification maps (that represent the entire dataset) for geographic, temporal and semantic queries.
ResultsThe project outputs can be summarized as follows: a) a series of technical documents that survey the state of the art of specific applications (vegetation monitoring, single image enhancement and multi-temporal enhancement techniques); b) prototype software modules for single image and multi-temporal enhancement techniques; c) a series of SSE Services for single image processing based on SOIL MAPPER® and related products (radiometric calibration, spectral indexes, fire detection through SOMAFID), and bi-temporal applications (vegetation change assessment and candidate burned areas identification); d) Reference Datasets implemented on Geonetwork; e) (A)ATSR processing system and related SSE Service to access to the classification maps through geographic, temporal and semantic queries.
Comments / FutureFuture activities can be focused on: the engineering of the delivered prototype software modules, that already feature a high degree of automation; a more complete exploitation of the (A)ATSR database for automatic multi-temporal applications (already foreseen on the SPA project).
Funding ProgrammeEOP
Contractor(s)MEEO (Italy)
Completion Date15 July 2009


Project AcronymCOISP(Final Presentation)
TitlePreparation of Interferometric SAR Processor
Key ObjectivesThe work intended to improve the behaviour and robustness of the interferometric SAR software developed in a previous GSTP project. Furthermore, previous work pointed to a new concept for error prediction. This method was developed and implemented both as an integrated component and as a stand-alone system.
ResultsThe main project output was an upgraded interferometric processing system and a stand-alone module for error prediction in interferometric DEMs and displacement products calibrated by use of ground control points.
Comments / FutureThe most important task seems to make the elevation and displacement extraction software available through KEO, along with the stand-alone error prediction. In a slightly longer perspective it would be valuable to: 1) Develop methods for tuning the atmospheric error model, by using numerical weather models or other satellite sensors; 2) Tune and improve the phase unwrapping error model; 3) Develop methods for presenting spatial error correlation; 4) Define and develop methods for fusion of displacement products.
Funding ProgrammeGSTP
Contractor(s)Technical University of Denmark
Completion Date10 April 2008


Project AcronymCOPS
TitleCooperating EO sensors
Key ObjectivesCOPS addresses innovative applications in which EO and in-situ sensors can be combined (beyond current situation in DUE, GMES, etc). Such applications are being highly enabled by the recent advances in GIS standardisation by OGC, which enables easy access to sensors as though they were web resources. The combination of EO and in situ sensors, however it is performed, is generic and none of them has any privileged preference.
Funding ProgrammeGSTP
Contractor(s)INDRA Espacio, SSF (Finland), VTT (Finland), Finish Meteorological Institute (FMI Finland), Starlab (Spain), Universidad Politécnica de Cataluna (Spain), Instituto de Ciencias del Mar (Spain) and Keller-Terra (Spain)


Project AcronymCrater (Executive Summary)
TitleSurvey of algorithms for automatic recognition of impact craters
Key ObjectivesIdentification of ongoing crater detection activities. Assessment of status of related research in automatic pattern recognition. Selection and test of representative algorithms for crater detection.
ResultsIn this study, first the projects on crater recognition in the world were identified. Then, the main techniques used for automatic recognition of shapes and features in images were considered. Particular interest was posed to the analysis of the problem of localization and recognition of impact craters. After a critical study of the different techniques and an analysis of their effectiveness, an algorithm for the specific purpose of crater recognition using the Hough transform was designed. Prototype software implementing this algorithm was developed in order to check the effectiveness of the method under study and to perform different tests. The obtained results are very promising and suggest that an effective algorithm for crater detection, and in general for a wide range of recognition applications, can be developed starting from the results of the performed study.
Comments / FutureA multidisciplinary team including staff from D/SCI and EOP-A has been working together on the study, demonstrating the possibilities offered by the exploitation of remote sensing applications and pattern recognition techniques for crater discovery. Industry has gained insights on pattern recognition techniques. An algorithm based on Hough Transform may be used for circular features recognition.
Funding ProgrammeGSP
Contractor(s)Telespazio S.p.A. (Italy)
Completion Date6 July 2002


Project AcronymDBGS(Final Presentation)
Title3D Terrain Database Generation System
Key ObjectivesTo provide solutions to the problem of generating terrain databases that cover huge extensions of terrain.
ResultsThe developed system allows the user a rapid way to built 3D scenarios for huge extensions of terrain using COTS, open source, software OGC compliant and specific developments using a central data store with geospatial capabilities.
Comments / FutureNew implementations that could be developed on this system: 1) Import 3D models extracted using other platforms; 2) Import shapefiles generated with other tools in order to extract 3D information from them; 3) Load raw data and built 3D scenarios in the database; 4) Interaction with generated 3D scenarios.
Funding ProgrammeGSTP
Contractor(s)INDRA Espacio (Spain)
Completion Date29 November 2007


Project AcronymDEBAT(Final Presentation)
TitleDigital EAST Based Access Tools applications
Key ObjectivesProvide a framework to offer: Direct access to the tools; Easy way to add plug-ins sharing models and data; Project management facilities.
ResultsEven if EAST technology should still be used for binary telemetries (e.g.: for most difficult cases like COROT telemetry) BEST and in particular its XML make easier all steps.
Comments / FutureThe efforts should be continued, since: generic XML tools offer an XML grammar but do not support any domain skill; the modeller could help in designing data and producing the documentation.
Funding ProgrammeGSTP
Contractor(s)CS Systèmes d'Information (France)
Completion Date21 April 2005


Project AcronymDUKE(Final Presentation)
TitleDigital Urban Knowledge Engine
Key ObjectivesStudy, specify, design and implement a system for merging the relevant urban information (buildings, roads, networks, etc.) from different sources available (maps, DEMs, rasters, footprints of buildings, cadastre, 3D models, pictures, GIS, etc.), optimising and storing the resulting database in an optimised way supporting the real-time rendering by a client application.
ResultsThe developped system enables to convert and compress heterogeneous data to a form suitable for rapid view-dependent visual data extraction, with an out-of-core querying subsystem that exploit current commercial-off-the-shelf computational and visualisation platforms.
Comments / FutureThe pre-processing system has been plugged into the CS Virtual Geo visualisation solution which allows users of the ESRIN Virtual Reality Theater to seamlessly visualise and navigate in the 3D results. Future plans include the improvement of: interoperability with further format of data sources like Google 3D modelling; performances, mainly thanks to the distribution of further processing tasks.
Funding ProgrammeGSTP
Contractor(s)CS Systèmes d'Information (France), NavTeq (Netherlands)
Completion Date27 January 2009


Project AcronymEKNOS
TitleEKNOS Prototype enhancement
Key ObjectivesContinue the work of the IGEOS/EKNOS project, which has produced a robust demonstrator of the technology with a WEB interface, by enhancing the administration and population functions of the Knowledge Database in order to load a significant EO data set for demonstration in a real environment.
Funding ProgrammeTRP
Contractor(s)A.I.S. S.p.A. (Italy)
Completion Date7 December 2000


 Project AcronymESIT
TitleEnhanced Service Infrastructure Technology
Key ObjectivesEvolve the Service Support Environment (see http://services.eoportal.org)with emerging technologies and standards. Demonstrate scalability and portability with an installation in Africa (CSE) (see http://services.cse.sn).
ResultsESIT has developed a new functionality within the SSE mainly related to Identity management (LDAP), WMS, WFS and supported a lot of additional services. In the context of ESIT the Data Dissemination System has been integrated in SSE and a service and receiving station infrastructure has been installed in CSE premises in Dakar. Training has been performed in CSE and in ESRIN for CSE staff. Fire detection algorithm has been prototyped and two validation campaigns executed by CSE staff. This technology project has been used to start-up the work of GIM Luxembourg and to bring EO technology in Africa (first DDS receiving station installed in Africa). Most of the development made within this project have been accepted and transferred into operations within the ESA SSE infrastructure.
Comments / FutureOperational use will be made of the ESIT deliverable for SSE and an operational dissemination service making use both of SSE and DDS will be set-up. Within end 2010-early 2011 a follow-on GSTP project should follow a fiche for the ESE GSTP project has been prepared.
Funding ProgrammeGSTP
Contractor(s)Spacebel (B), GIM (B), VITO (B), CSE (Senegal) and GIM (LUX)
Completion Date20 October 2009 


Project AcronymGREASE
TitleGrid-aware End-to-end Analysis and Service Environment
Key ObjectivesSet-up a computational Grid environment for not-Grid-aware applications, by providing an Internet portal for access to applications, resources and data, a scenario builder to chain applications, and a controller to schedule jobs. Demonstrate the feasibility of the architecture, using the instrument response simulator of the Ozone Monitoring Instrumentdata processing chain.
Funding ProgrammeTRP
Contractor(s)Dutch Space B.V. (The Netherlands)
Completion Date31 October 2003


Project AcronymHiProGen
TitleHigh-level information products generation and formatting for specific applications
Key ObjectivesDefine requirements, architecture, data formats, and internal and external interfaces of a multi-purpose, open system for the generation of high level information products for different EO applications. Implement a demonstrator permitting the generation of prototypes / final higher level products from sea and land optical sensors.
Funding ProgrammeTRP
Contractor(s)Infoterra Ltd (United Kingdom)
Completion Date30 April 2004


Project AcronymHiProGEx
TitleHigh-level information products generation extension for specific applications
Key ObjectivesDefine requirements, architecture, data formats, and internal and external interfaces of a multi-purpose, open system for the generation of high level information products for different EO applications. Implement a demonstrator permitting the generation of prototypes / final higher level products from thermal and atmospheric sensors.
Funding ProgrammeTRP
Contractor(s)Indra (Spain)
Completion Date30 May 2005


Project AcronymIAPS
TitleImage Application Processing Server
Key ObjectivesDevelop a general Image Application Processing Server for the distribution of image products in areas other than space.
Funding ProgrammeTTP
Contractor(s)Web Bridges (Italy)
Completion Date11 December 2001


Project AcronymICDY
TitleImpact Crater Discovery
Key ObjectivesDefine a methodological approach for the acquisition and management of remote sensing and science data to be used for the automatic detection and recognition of impact craters. Define the technological and algorithmic supporting environment, and identify issues and solutions for extracting crater features recognise and identify them in the context of multi-mission data sources.
Funding ProgrammeGSP
Contractor(s)Logica (United Kingdom)
Completion Date29 April 2005


Project AcronymIIM-TS
TitleImage Information Mining-Time Series
Key ObjectivesThis project focuses on the design and implementation within the KEO system of a series of processing components for the automatic detection and analysis of meaningful features ("information") in image time series, obtained by SAR and optical sensor, of a resolution comparable to the ones in the Sentinel missions (5 to 10m). Image time series may be regularly or irregularly spaced in time, and could be from a single type of spaceborne sensor, from a combinations of more than one type, or could result from a combination of satellite images with data from the other domains. The extracted information aims at supporting various applications like classification, change detection at global and local scale, trend analysis, etc., planned to play an important role in the GMES context.
ResultsThe project outputs can be summarized as follows: a) a series of technical documents that survey the state of the art on the analysis of image time series (applicable algorithms and methods, identification of applications, selection of algorithms and methods for prototyping); b) a series of technical documents describing functions and interfaces of software prototypes developed within the project; c) a series of technical documents describing the integration of software prototypes into the KEO system; d) a series of processing components for the analysis of image time series implemented within KEO.
Comments / FutureFuture activities can be focused on: improvement of system functionalities for VHR satellite images (with metric resolution, both for SAR and optical sensors); improvement of performance, stability and interactive interface of the processing system for better use.
Funding ProgrammeTRP
Contractor(s)ACS, UNI-TN, UNI-PV (Italy), CNES (France), DLR (Germany), VTT (Finland), Sarmap (Switzerland), IGUASSU (Czech Rep.), MEEO (Italy), JRC (Italy)
Completion Date17 September 2009


Project AcronymINSECT
Key ObjectivesThe objectives of the INSECT study were to show how security and trust concepts could be introduced into the EO exploitation chain. After an analysis and definition of the requirements for digitally signing and timestamping EO products and their derived information the study showed how these mechanisms and concepts can be introduced into relevant data flows as well as infrastructures and processes.
ResultsThe Development of a demonstrator showing an example of how digital signatures and timestamping could be integrated into the existing EO ground segment environment. To validate and evaluate the architecture a Demonstrator application implementing the building blocks for timestamping and signing processes was developed. This demonstrator was tested together with Rapideye which is EO data & service provider. The INSECT study demonstrated that using digital signatures and timestamping are useful for EO data & service providers and for ESA. The Demonstrator showed that the concept can be realised with existing (and future) solutions provided by LuxTrust. The performance was good and the user friendliness of the automatic signing solution was accepted. As the overall costs for implementing this service are relatively low the barrier is not very high.
Comments / FutureFollowing possibilities have been identified: implement the concept of digital signatures and timestamps into the ESA GMES coordinated data access system. The EOP-G management present at the final presentation has taken note of the proposed approach.
Funding ProgrammeGSTP
Contractor(s)HITEC Luxembourg, LUXSPACE, LUXTRUST (LUX)
Completion Date31 July 2009


Project AcronymISP
TitleInterferometric SAR Processor
Key ObjectivesDevelop and validate a processor able to generate DEM's or surface motion maps primarily from ENVISAT SAR products, and focussing on the processing data collected from long (several hundreds of Km) uninterrupted swaths.
Funding ProgrammeGSTP
Contractor(s)DTU - Danmarks Tekniske Universitet - Technical University of Denmark (Denmark)
Completion Date2 December 2004


Project AcronymKEI
TitleKIM Extension and Installations
Key ObjectivesThis project includes a number of activities required to enhance the Image Information Mining (IIM) capabilities at ESRIN and partners. In particular, the key tasks are: a) Systematic evaluation of KIM capabilities against other methods, b) Study of best KEO environment implementation and creation of KEO Components, c) Extension of KIM to cope with new requirements (e.g.: add new capabilities), d) Installation of KIM and KEO at partners' premises for validation in specific applications, e) Extensions of KEO to cope with new requirements (e.g.: new Processing Components), f) Exploitation of Spectral Categorisation technique.
Funding ProgrammeEOP
Contractor(s)ACS (Italy), MEEO (Italy), UTV (Italy)


Project AcronymKEO
TitleKnowledge centred Earth Observation
Key ObjectivesThe KEO project aims at implementing and validating a modular and scalable Component-based Processing Environment, which permits to: 1) Ease the access to EO data and relevant information extracted from them; 2) Provide a large set of tools for EO data processing (bridging the gap between Data and Information); 3) Expand the use of EO data by supporting and automating the identification and extraction of information relevant for users; 4) Encourage the use of a common scientific cooperative environment. The KEO system permits users to interactively extract relevant features and information from EO data, either through a generic probabilistic technique or by means of specific processing algorithms, and to provide outputs, i.e. valuable information extracted from data, in easily accessible formats.
ResultsThe project output consists of the KEO system prototype deployed at ESRIN and based on the following main components: a) The KAOS Client Application, which permit to access to all system functionalities; b) The KIM subsystem, based on the Probabilistic Information Mining (PIM) theoretical concept for interactive analysis and identification of image features; c) The FEP subsystem, which permits to create and execute user-defined processing chains for extracting information from images; d) OGC Web Servers, where the extracted information can be stored for reuse; e) Reference Data Sets (RDSs), a set of reference data used to test and validate KEO processing chains on specific applications.
Comments / FutureFuture activities can be focused on: increase the set of available functions for visualization and processing (for both KIM and FEP subsystem); improvement of input / output interfaces.
Funding ProgrammeTRP
Contractor(s)ACS (Italy), DLR (Germany), GTD (Spain), CNES (France)
Completion Date11 December 2008


Project AcronymKES(Final Presentation)
TitleEO domain-specific Knowledge Enabled Services
Key ObjectivesIdentify the technologies, and demonstrate them through a prototype at different deepness levels, applicable to a number of fields required to support image information mining and related user interactions. The fields to explore include learning systems, knowledge acquisition and sharing within user communities, image interpretation support, semantic interactions, automatic system adaptation to user behaviour.
Apply above techniques to demonstrate knowledge supported Information Mining from EO images.
Funding ProgrammeTRP
Contractor(s)ACS - Advanced Computer Systems S.p.A. (Italy)
Completion Date6 April 2005


Project AcronymKES-B(Final Presentation)
TitleEO domain-specific Knowledge Enabled Services
Key ObjectivesSet up the basis for handling multi-domain data, information and knowledge. Identify the COTS technologies, and demonstrate them through a prototype, for a generic user interface capable to handle at semantic level multi-domain data and information, to learn, and to use acquired knowledge.
Apply above techniques to demonstrate the implementation of selected Knowledge Enabled Services.
Funding ProgrammeTRP
Contractor(s)GTD - Ingenieria de Sistemas y Software S.A. (Spain)
Completion Date6 April 2005


Project AcronymKIM (Executive Summary)
TitleKnowledge Driven Information Mining in Remote Sensing Image Archives
Key ObjectivesDefine the architecture of a system for knowledge driven information mining applied to EO image archives. Demonstrate the feasibility of the system through a prototype.
ResultsThe IIM research activity and the prototype originally developed by ETHZ and DLR has been reviewed and brought to the level of an industrial prototype. All the algorithms for feature extraction (spectral, texture, SAR despeckle, texture, etc…) have been reviewed. For the first time optical (Landsat) and SAR (ERS-1) data has been co-registered and the feature extracted, loaded and tested on the KIM environment. The problem of managing multiple models has been addressed and solved as well as a number of trade offs on image size and subsampling scenarios analysed and performances demonstrated. A geospatial query engine (Informix geospatial datablade) has been installed and tested as frontend to the KIM prototype. The image processing chain has been documented both for the optical and SAR data. The user interface has been re-designed and now consists of 3 main components: a geospatial query (EOLI like) interface with map drawing capability (based on OpenGIS standard), a pixel or sub pixel manipulation interface enabled with magnifying glass and a query results browse interface.
An attempt has been performed to introduce in the KIM prototype geometric features the results have been however not satisfactory, therefore this activity shall be taken over by subsequent projects. The problem of incremental database loading has not been addressed and therefore shall be subject to subsequent contracts. The image batch processing chain could be optimised, automatised and made platform independent, again this activity may be the subject of subsequent contracts. The image-tagging interface could exploit the availability of a map server to display a vectorial layer. This activity could be performed in subsequent contracts. The evaluation has been performed by staff from NERSC on a single Nepal Landsat scene, and by an analyst from EUSC on several Landsat and ERS-1 scenes over Mozambique where data referred to the flooding of 1999. The report produced in particular by the EUSC analyst has been very positive and encouraging.
Comments / FutureAt the final presentation it was suggested that KIM could be exploited to signal the alga bloom events detected by MERIS. An internal project on the subject will be prepared in the near future.
An additional internal project will be set up together with Mr. Beruti to test KIM over Landsat quick looks. It is recommended that the KES project financed via TRP to a consortium that includes ACS and DLR be redirected to cover issues not solved in KIM.
Funding ProgrammeTRP
Contractor(s)DLR - German Aerospace Center (Germany)
Completion Date29 October 2002


Project AcronymKIMV(Final Presentation, KIM Validation Report)
TitleKIM Validation for EO archived data exploitation support
Key ObjectivesIdentify the key applications or services likely to benefit at most from access to images via content; Identify the interface issues connected to an existing archive; Verify the performance of the data ingestion chain in a quasi-operational environment; Identify the best methods to interact with existing catalogues for complementing access via standard spatio-temporal queries with access via content; Identify the best approach to envelope the available functions as services for simple user activation; Demonstrate the effectiveness of the support provided to the user.
Funding ProgrammeEOP
Contractor(s)ACS (Italy), DLR (Germany)
Completion Date6 April 2005


Project AcronymMAPS-AIS
TitleMulti-mission Performing Catalogue and Analysis Tools for new EO instruments
Key ObjectivesImprove the mission analysis / planning tools for better utilisation of the on-board and on-ground resources in a multi-mission environment (including non-ESA missions). Provide efficient, homogeneous access to the catalogues / inventories of data from new, current and past instruments.
Funding ProgrammeTRP
Contractor(s)DATAMAT Ingegneria dei Sistemi S.p.A. (Italy)
Completion Date20 January 2004


Project AcronymMASS(White Paper)
TitleMulti-Application Support Service System
Key ObjectivesDefine and implement a demonstrator of an open environment for easy publication, activation, provision, status tracking and maintenance of simple or chained EO related services. Demonstrate the environment through the integration of selected services.
Funding ProgrammeGSTP
Contractor(s)Spacebel S.A. (Belgium)
Completion Date21 November 2003


Project AcronymMIMS
TitleMERIS Information Mining Services System
Key ObjectivesThe MIMS project aims at simplifying access to and therefore at possibly expanding the use of multi-mission EO data. Contribution to this achievement comes from the use of emerging technologies for Probabilistic Information Mining (PIM), which permit selection, retrieval and understanding of images through their information content. The system implemented through the MIMS project shall permit to apply Probabilistic Information Mining to MERIS Level 1 Reduced Resolution (RR) and Full Resolution (FR) products, possibly extending to other sensors.
ResultsThe main output of MIMS is a prototype system permitting (either via an interactive interface or through SSE services) to fully exploit Probabilistic Information Mining (PIM) capabilities:1) Creation and management of images collections for Content Based Image Selection and Retrieval, Information Discovery and Scene Understanding; 2) Extraction of relevant features and thematic maps from ingested images; 3) Search and Download of selected products from archives.
Comments / FutureFuture activities can be focused on: Improvement of related SSE services and implementation of new services; Automatic provision of cloud coverage for MERIS catalogue images.
Funding ProgrammeEOP
Contractor(s)ACS (Italy)
Completion Date30 July 2007


Project AcronymMIR(Final Presentation)
TitleMultiple Image Registration
Key ObjectivesThe objective of the MIR-project is to develop a tool for automatic co-registration of homogeneous sequences of images, i.e. time series of images resulting from the same (or similar) sensor with comparable resolution. The tool is intended to be general. This means that it should be able to handle images from different sensors, with different contents and acquired under different conditions.
Funding ProgrammeEOP
Contractor(s)NCC - Norwegian Computing Center (Norway)
Completion Date28 June 2005


Project AcronymMIR-E(Final Presentation)
TitleMultiple Image Registration - Extension
Key ObjectivesThe purpose of the initial MIR project (2004-2005) was to develop a software tool to facilitate coregistration of time series of images, by integrating existing methods and tools for registration and developing functionality for automatic run-time selection of the best method based on image characteristics. The purpose of the MIR-Extension project (2006-2009) has been to validate and improve this software, to include methods for multiresolution registration for handling of larger distortions and to integrate the system in the KEO environment.
ResultsThe resulting software tool facilitates coregistration of time series of images by providing: an adaptive registration with subpixel accuracy; automatic run-time selection of the best method; a multiresolution registration option for larger distortions. This is obtained by a learning-based and locally adaptive strategy that can select the best registration algorithm for each region in the image, while regions unsuited for registration can be discarded. The software includes both a GUI and a batch interface, and can also be run through the KAOS GUI.
Comments / FutureThe software tool will now be made available to users. Further improvements of the system will await feedback from the users. The intended use of the current software is for coregistration of time series of remote sensing images, where all images are from the same (similar) sensor. In the future, an extension of the system to also handle coregistration of multisensor images may be considered.
Funding ProgrammeEOP
Contractor(s)Norwegian Computing Center (Norway)
Completion Date23 March 2009


Project AcronymOrthoServ
TitleAssessment of European Ortho-rectification and Co-registration Services
Key ObjectivesThe objective of this project is to assess the geometric quality of ortho-rectification and co-registration processes and of related products, generated by entities using specialised or generic tools and by using ESA provided algorithms. In order to reach the above objectives, the project shall include activities the following activities: a) identification of methodologies and implementation of tools and data sets for the assessment of the geometric quality of ortho-rectified and co-registered products, b) identification and creation of ranking for entities providing ortho-rectified and co-registered products, c) assessment on the quality of ortho-rectification and co-registration processes, d) supporting the willing entities of the most relevant ortho-rectification or co-registration products in publishing their services via SSE as chainable Web Services.
Funding ProgrammeEOP
Contractor(s)Sarmap s.a. (Switzerland), ETH Zurich (Switzerland), MEEO s.n.c. (Italy)


Project AcronymOsprey(Final Presentation)
TitleSatellite Data Dissemination via JPEG2000 & Java Technologies
Key ObjectivesITT have taken their experience with existing IAS technology, a standalone JPEG2000 client-server streaming technology, and reengineered it as a scalable J2EE application to provide integration with existing image catalogue and OGC systems. We see this as an important enabling technology for fast image dissemination of the new generation of high spatial and spectral resolution Earth Observation (EO) sensors. These data are large by definition and have an increasing audience of interested users. Dissemination of data is currently restricted by relatively large dataset sizes and relatively narrow bandwidths between image data providers and users.
Funding ProgrammeITI 
Contractor(s)ITT VIS UK (formerly RSI UK)
Completion Date24 September 2007


Project AcronymOTE
TitleOntology & Terminology for Earth Observation (OTE) Project
Key ObjectivesThe general purpose of the project is to explore the opportunities that the adoption of Semantic Technologies (i.e. ontologies and terminologies) may offer to ESA's Ground Segment. The main benefit which is going to be analyzed by this project is the chance to spread the use of the outcome of Earth Observation missions to users belonging to non EO domains: this should be achieved by developing adequate terminologies and correspondent ontologies, meant to make possible a translation between different domains, allowing the user to easily identify EO resources relevant for his field of interest.
ResultsKnowledge about EO products, sensor, missions and application domains has been formalised in an ontology and a terminology. A prototype software application has been developed.
Comments / FutureThe OTEG ("Open Access Ontology / Terminology for the GMES Space Component") project will expand the results of the OTE project.
Funding ProgrammeEOP 
Contractor(s)Epistematica (Italy)
Completion DateMay 2008


Project AcronymOTEG(Final Presentation)
TitleOpen Access Ontology / Terminology for the GMES Space Component
Key ObjectivesThe objective of this project is to revise and expand the results of the OTE project in order to design, implement and validate an openly available GSCDA Semantics. The main benefit will be the chance to spread the use of the outcome of Earth Observation missions to users belonging to non-EO domains.
ResultsA web application will be developed, thus enabling the users to exploit semantic knowledge when searching for EO products.
Comments / FutureThe web application will be linked from the GSCDA portal.
Funding ProgrammeEOP 
Contractor(s)EPISTEMATICA s.r.l. (Italy)
Completion DateMay 2009


Project AcronymPALDMC
TitleParallel Data Mining Component
Key ObjectivesThe PalDMC project aims at achieving two major goals: 1) Extend the portfolio of the already parallelised algorithms; 2) Extend the level of parallelization cross-node cluster-wide by using some of the grid paradigms and/or GP-GPU functionalities.
ResultsThe outcome of the project is the full design of SW prototypes for parallelization of data mining algorithms, based on the overview of theoretical fundamentals of parallel processing, the analysis of considered parallel HW/SW options and results of the pre-prototyping experiments and test activities.
Comments / FutureFurther developments have been planned in the DRPF project.
Funding ProgrammePECS
Contractor(s)Iguassu (Czech Republic)
Completion Date12 January 2012


Project Acronym 
TitlePreparation of an advanced standalone error prediction module for SAR interferometry 
Key ObjectivesThe objectives were twofold: 1) update an interferometric SAR software (IPP) developed in a previous GSTP project 2) Use Numerical Weather Prediction data for an improved error prediction. 
ResultsWithin the processor upgrade activities, support for TerraSAR-X, COSMO-SkyMed and ROI_PAC was added as well as a DEM-aided coregistration procedure. Support for delay products derived from mesoscale NWP models was added and allows the processor to compensate stratified delay errors and provide improved error variance estimates, based on turbulent delay empirical variogram estimations.  
Comments / FutureThe IPP was chosen as the core processor for the ice velocity measurements to be carried out within the ongoing ESA ice_sheets CCI project. Offset-tracking techniques are currently being integrated into the IPP. Further developments, and integration within the G-POD environment, shall enable a very high degree of automation and throughput, suitable for the processing of large data volumes for ice sheet velocity time series on a continental scale (Greenland and Antarctica).  
Funding ProgrammeGSTP
Contractor(s)Technical University of Denmark  
Completion Date7 December 2012


Project AcronymPerformance
TitleBusiness Intelligence: Prototype applied to Order Handling and PI follow-on/Customer Care
Key ObjectivesDemonstrate, with a prototype, the benefits and opportunities offered by Business Intelligence tools for internal activities and customer satisfaction improvement.
Funding ProgrammeEOP
Contractor(s)Intecs H.R.T. s.r.l. (Italy)
Completion Date19 December 2001


Project AcronymPIMS-DLR
TitlePartner Information Mining Services System-DLR
Key ObjectivesIn recent years our ability to store large quantities of data has greatly surpassed our ability to access and meaningfully extract information from it. Emerging needs from big applications (e.g.: change detection, global monitoring, disaster management support, etc.) and the continuous increase in archives' size and Earth Observation (EO) sensors' variety require new methodologies and tools for information mining and management, supported by shared knowledge. The system implemented through the PIMS-DLR project shall permit to apply Probabilistic Information Mining and Feature Extraction Algorithms to a selected set of EO data available at the German Aerospace Center (DLR), possibly allowing an easy provision of processing services, e.g. through the ESA Service Support Environment (SSE) infrastructure or through the KEO prototype.
ResultsThe project output consists of a quasi-operational system to fully exploit Image Information Mining capabilities, permitting to apply Probabilistic Information Mining and Feature Extraction Algorithms to a selected set of EO data available at the German Aerospace Center (DLR). The system allows users to: 1)Access to available data and create specific collections for data analysis; 2) Perform the interactive training for identifying relevant features on ingested images; c) Create SSE services derived from significant extracted features; 4) Create KEO processing chains based on developed Feature Extraction Algorithms. Technical Notes on system validation are also provided.
Comments / FutureFuture activities can be focused on: extension of system functionalities to TerraSAR-X (or other VHR) data; design of new functionalities to be implemented.
Funding ProgrammeEOP
Contractor(s)DLR (Germany), ACS (Italy), Werum (Germany)
Completion Date22 June 2009


Project AcronymPSIM (Executive Summary; Final Presentation)
TitleDigital Photo Cameras Panorama SW for EO Image Mosaicing
Key ObjectivesTo bring a new paradigm for mosaic creation applications, with easy and quick interfaces opening the way for fully automatic image mosaicing.
Funding ProgrammeITI
Completion Date11 April 2007


Project AcronymSAG
TitleScatterometer algorithm review for gyro-less operations
Key ObjectivesDemonstrate the possibility to process with high level of quality the scatterometer data in normal and in degraded attitude control conditions.
ResultsThe study demonstrated that the algorithms at the basis of the Scatterometer processing can be modified in order to properly operate also without gyro data.
Comments / FutureThe study is a step forward in Scatterometer data processing, putting the basis for the possibility of resuming the ERS-2 Scatterometer mission interrupted for 2 years. It is necessary to implement the identified algorithm in a full, engineered processor, which will permit EO receiving stations to process again the Scatterometer data.
Funding ProgrammeGSTP
Contractor(s)SPpacebel S.A. (Belgium)
Completion Date14 December 2001


Project AcronymSATOPI
TitleTopic Maps as Enabling Technology for Earth Observation User Services Applications
Key ObjectivesThe SATOPI project main objective is to demonstrate the novel advantages of federating EO mission products with domain specific knowledge using Topic Maps by an application targeting a specific use case - Glacial Lake Outburst Flood (GLOF) phenomenon in Nepal.
ResultsThe SATOPI software is a Web-based application that allows the users to search and navigate into domain knowledge using an homogeneous and responsive AJAX-enabled user interface. The Web application has the double responsibility of generating the elements of the user interface and of fetching the requested data from the backend. The backend runs a Topic Maps engine that obtains the requested data from external sources through so called Datastore Connectors. The Web application makes use of the Django template mechanism to generate both the HTML pages and fragments and the queries to the Topic Maps engine. The engine iself is given an ontology that describes both the domain knowledge and EO products (satellite images). The ontology allows the engine to validate the requests and to make sure these are correctly interpreted. The Datastore Connectors are configured in such a way that they know where to find the external data and how to map them into Topic Maps elements. GLOFs researchers working at ICIMOD provided the use case, the user requirements and the data. The SATOPI software has been installed at ICIMOD and evaluated by the GLOFs researchers. The application proved to be intuitive and the displayed information is deemed suitable to be used by domain experts.
Comments / FutureThe SATOPI solution is a functional propotype. There is room for improvement mainly in the user interface and in the support for additional data sources: New Datastore Connectors could be implemented to support new types of data sources (e.g. W*S services). Bi-directional Connectors would also permit external data to be edited using the SATOPI user interface. The user interface is tailored to the GLOFs use case and the user requirements. The interface could be extended with, for example, GIS capabilities or a Shapefile viewer. A user friendly Topic Maps query editor would also permit users to execute more complex queries than the ones supported by the current search forms. Last but not least, an integration with a natural language Question Answering System can also be envisaged.
Funding ProgrammeGSTP
Contractor(s)Space Applications Services (Belgium)
Completion Date22 October 2009


Project AcronymSDD
TitleSemantics Driven Framework for Resource and Knowledge Discovery (SDD)
Key ObjectivesThe "Semantics Driven Framework for Resource and Knowledge Discovery" (SDD) project general objective is to develop, test and verify with MSU and other partners (e.g.: Experts, EUSC, EEA) an ontology based implementation supporting the identification and use of a number of marine and coastal applications in the Mediterranean area through seamless, semantic access to the information they provide from EO images and other sources.
Funding ProgrammeEOP
Contractor(s)GTD (Spain)


Project AcronymSMOG(Final Presentation - Management; Final Presentation - Technical INDRA; Final Presentation - Technical Alcatel; Report)
TitleImpact of small missions on EO Ground Segment Systems
Key ObjectivesIdentify trends and requirements induced into the future EO ground segment by small satellite missions. Study, design, and implement a related demonstrator of an Advanced Ground Facility (AGF) supporting the efficient handling of forthcoming EO missions, with focus on the data ingestion chain, Demodulator and FEP.
Funding ProgrammeGSTP
Contractor(s)Indra Espacio (Spain), Alcatel Bell (Belgium)
Completion Date27 June 2006


Project AcronymSMOG-B (Executive Summary; Final Presentation; Report)
TitleImpact of small missions on EO Ground Segment Systems
Key ObjectivesIdentify trends and requirements induced into the future EO ground segment by small satellite missions. Study, design, and implement a related demonstrator of an Advanced Ground Facility (AGF) supporting the efficient handling of forthcoming EO missions, with focus on AGF planning and management in a distributed context.
Funding ProgrammeGSTP
Contractor(s)SPpacebel S.A. (Belgium)
Completion Date28 April 2005


Project AcronymSOSI
TitleSpatial Observation Services and Infrastructure
Key ObjectivesThe project's objective is to demonstrate, in real operations, a decentralised information system allowing integration of distributed data and processing services as well as access and distribution at multiple levels, languages and content granularities.
Funding ProgrammeEOEP and PECS
Contractor(s)Siemens Austria (Austria), EOX IT Serivces GmbH (Austria), Siemens Hungary (Hungary), ANF Data (Czech Republic), Gisat (Czech Republic), MEEO (Italy), Spacebel (Belgium)


Project AcronymSPA
TitleTitle Support by Pre-classification to Specific Applications
Key ObjectivesThe Support by Pre-classification to Specific Applications (SPA) project aims at exploiting the potentialities of spectral pre-classification systems (like the MEEO SOIL MAPPER®) to implement dedicated applications for: fully automatic image processing chain for cloud detection on very high resolution images; support to PECS projects, to provide support to entering ESA countries on the use of ESA Environments based on distributed architecture (SSE and KEO); fully automatic land cover change / land use analysis system based on a large database of (A)ATSR data scalable to other satellite sensors.
Funding ProgrammeEOP
Contractor(s)MEEO (Italy)


Project AcronymSpaceGrid(Report)
TitleStudy of GRIDS and collaborative environment for Space Applications
Key ObjectivesAnalyse the issues and propose a roadmap for seamless access to and exploitation of distributed data, applications and resources in a network of heterogeneous computers (including GRIDs and LCMPP). Implement a small-scale dedicated test bed and dedicated applications. Study related new architectural solutions for future EO ground segments.
ResultsAnalysis of benefits of Grid technology for the study domains: Earth Observation, Space Science, Space Weather, Spacecraft Plasma Interaction, and Spacecraft Engineering. Prototyping of Grid based applications. Sketch of an ESA wide Grid based infrastructure. Outline of the benefits for a Grid enabled EO Ground Segment.
Comments / FutureEO future ground segments could benefit from Grid technology exploitation, provided that the so-called OGSA version of the Grid middleware proves to be sufficiently stable and performant (which was not the case at the time of study completion). The study recommends that an ESA wide Grid infrastructure is put in place asap also to monitor the technology evolution and to foster additional technological developments in order to profit from the potential benefits as soon as the technology gets mature.
Funding ProgrammeGSP
Contractor(s)DATAMAT Ingegneria dei Sistemi S.p.A. (Italy)
Completion Date21 May 2003


Project AcronymSURF (Technical Note)
TitleSurvey and classification of advanced feature manipulation techniques and tools for EO applications.
Key ObjectivesObtain an up-to-date picture (in the relevant EO application areas using medium, high and very high resolution images) of advanced methods for the support of EO applications through feature manipulation. Identify possible scenarios and related architectures for the exploitation of the most promising EO feature manipulation methods.
Funding ProgrammeTRP
Contractor(s)Rovsing A/S (Denmark)
Completion Date30 September 2004


Project AcronymUGEI(Final Presentation)
TitleUniversal Geometry Engine for EO Images
Key ObjectivesUGEI project objective is the development and testing of a Universal Geometry Engine whose aim is to provide to the EO user with the means needed to ensure a coherent geometry among a set of images, each one acquired by a given sensor, so that they can be jointly processed. UGEI project was preceded by preparatory phase called UGEIP whose main objective was the preliminary design of UGEI system.
Funding ProgrammeTRP
Contractor(s)INDRA Espacio (Spain), Institut de Geomàtica (Spain)
Completion Date28 February 2010


Project AcronymUGEIP(Final Presentation)
TitleUniversal Geometry Engine Preparation
Key ObjectivesUGEIP project is a preparatory phase for the development of a Universal Geometry Engine whose aim is to provide to the EO user with the means needed to ensure a coherent geometry among a set of images, each one acquired by a given sensor, so that they can be jointly processed. The main objective of this phase project is to prepare the design documentation needed for the future development of a system able to compute the required geometric model parameters of a set of images acquired by any of a wide variety of sensors so that heterogeneous EO imagery can be exploited in a consistent way.
Funding ProgrammeTRP
Contractor(s)INDRA Espacio (Spain), Institut de Geomàtica (Spain)
Completion Date15 October 2004


Project AcronymVRES
TitleVirtual Reality System for Earth Observation Applications
Key ObjectivesDefine the overall architecture of a VR Environment for the EO domain. Implement a demonstrator of its key component: the "Visual Studio" (show creation and visualisation system, supporting different types of EO data, applications, and users).
Funding ProgrammeTRP
Contractor(s)ACS - Advanced Computer Systems S.p.A. (Italy)
Completion Date19 December 2003


Project AcronymVRES-I
TitleVirtual Reality for Earth Observations System
Key ObjectivesVRES-I constitutes a radical overhaul of the VRES software, already installed and working since several years in the Virtual Reality Theatre located in ESRIN. The main objective of the activity is the replacement of the core software engine in order to better exploit the capabilities of the current 3d graphic cards, and adding the possibility of running interactive shows also on user PC's (either Windows or Linux), or even Macs. Other objectives are: improvement of the show preparation work-flow and of the presentation capabilities, addition of planets, natural and artificial satellites to the solar system presentation, enhancements of the ESRIN presentation with the addition of the missing building models.
Funding ProgrammeEOP
ContractorACS - Advanced Computer Systems S.p.A. (Italy)

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